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邵杰:Acute respirato ry distress syndrome急性呼吸窘迫综合征
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  • 采集时间:2018-2-9

Respirato ry adj.呼吸的\ˈre-sp(ə-)rə-ˌtȯr-ē\

Hypoxemia n.低氧血症\ˌhi-ˌpäk-ˈsē-mē-ə\

Infiltrate n.浸润\in-ˈfil-ˌtrāt , ˈin-(ˌ)fil-\


  Acute respirato ry distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical syndrome of severe dyspnea of rapid onset, hypoxemia, a n d diffuse pulmonary infiltrates leading to respirato ry failure. ARDS is caused by diffuse lung injury from many underlying medical a n d surgical diso rders.


【译文】

  急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ARDS)是一种发病迅速的严重呼吸困难、低氧血症和弥漫性肺浸润所致呼吸衰竭的临床综合征。ARDS是由许多基础内科与外科疾病所引起的弥漫性肺损伤。选自哈里森内科学第18版


【医学单词记忆之道】


1.hypo前缀在…下


  hypoxemia n.低氧血症


  hypothermia n.低体温


  hypoglycemia n.低血糖


  hypotension n.低血压


  hypokalemia n.低血钾


  hypocalcemia n.低钙血症


  hypothyroidism n.甲状腺功能低下


2.pnea 构词成分呼吸


  apnea n.呼吸暂停


  dyspnea n.呼吸困难


  o rthopnea n.端坐呼吸


3.常用医学词组


  acute respirato ry distress syndrome 急性呼吸窘迫综合征


  respirato ry failure 呼吸衰竭


【医学英语延伸阅读】

 

  Patients who survive ARDS are at high risk fo r cognitive decline, depression, post-traumatic stress diso rder, a n d persistent skeletal-muscle weakness. A much better understa n ding of the biologic a n d genetic underpinnings of the subphenotypes of ARDS should lead the way to mo re targeted therapies. Until then, ICU practices that prevent ARDS, early a n d effective treatment of the insults leading to ARDS, a n d lung-protective ventilation a n d sensible fluid management remain the essential elements fo r good outcomes. 选自新英格兰杂志 Aug,10,2017

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